Sadhana means discipline. Among yogis, it is used to mean daily practice. Yogi Bhajan emphasised the importance of having a daily practice – it is needed for the continuous cleansing of the subconscious, and also to establish a relationship to your soul. 

Sadhana can mean whatever yoga practice you do daily; it is also used in the context of Aquarian Sadhana. Yogi Bhajan recommended to his students that the best practice is group practice, and introduced the idea of a 2 ½ hour sadhana in the early hours of the morning – ideally starting 2 ½ hours before the sunrise. This length of time means that you are dedicating one tenth of each day to God; a similar idea to giving 10% of your earnings. 

Whether you are able to find 2 ½ hours to practice, or just 11 mins to meditate, you will find that a regular, daily practice has a deep and transformative effect on your life. Start with doing what you can, and build your practice with time. 

Effects of different lengths of meditation

  • 3 minutes: the blood circulation starts to be affected.
  • 11 minutes: The glandular system and nerves start changing.
  • 22 minutes:The 3 minds get balanced (positive, neutral, negative)
  • 31 minutes:cells and the mind projection are affected 
  • 62 minutes: The brain’s grey matter changes
  • 2 ½ hours: Holds the new pattern in the subconscious mind by the surrounding universal mind.

Effects of different lengths of practice (40 days and more) 

  • 40 days: The habit changes
  • 90 days: The new habit is confirmed
  • 120 days: The new habit is you .
  • 1,000 days: The new habit is mastered.

Why so early? 

The early hours of the morning, between 3am and 7am (depending on the time of sunrise) are considered the best time to meditate and connect to you in you. It is known as the Amrit vela. At this time, the world is quiet, there is little other demand on your time, your mind is more quiet than usual, there is a heightened sensitivity, and the veil between the material and spiritual worlds is at its most transparent. 

This timing relates to the angle of the sun to the earth, so there is a second opportunity for 

Why practice in a group? 

Yogi Bhajan explained that when we practice in a group, our auras merge together to form a group aura. This has the impact that each person in the group balances out each other. The more people there are, the greater the effect. 

Throughout Sikh sacred writings, it is said that the ‘company of saints’ will carry us across the world ocean. On this journey through Maya, we cannot make it alone. Saints are not just people who died a hundred years ago, there is a potential saint in each of us, and when is it expressed more than when we wake up early to connect with God in us? 

What is Aquarian Sadhana? 

This is a particular format for sadhana, given by Yogi Bhajan to prepare us for the transition to the Aquarian Age. We have been practising this since 21 June, 1992. 

The Aquarian Age began on 11 November, 2011. . Yet we are still in a transitional period (Yogi Bhajan called this the ‘grey period’, which he said would continue for 37 years), and it was confirmed after Yogi Bhajans passing that we are to continue with this sadhana. 

Aquarian sadhana consists of: 

  • Reading Japji
  • Kundalini yoga kriya and relaxation (1 hour)
  • Chanting Aquarian sadhana mantras (62 mins) : 
  • Long Ek Ong Kars – 7 mins
  • Wah Yantee- 7 mins
  • Mul mantra – 7 mins
  • Sat siri siri akaal- 7 mins
  • Rakhe rakhanhaar- 7 mins
  • Waheguru wahe Jio – 22 mins
  • Guru Ram Das Chant – 5 mins 

Photo credit: Beant Kaur Italy